Apparently, every building is accompanied by the presence of chimneys or one chimney at least. Chimneys are meant to provide heat and warmth to people, yet they can get very destructive if chimney cleaning is not done properly. For this purpose, chimney sweep Seattle are hired or can DIY chimney cleaning. Anyhow, this article will cover the topic of construction of chimneys.
Construction of chimneys is critical, and many perspectives are kept in mind while constructing the chimneys. Following are the different blocks used in chimney construction:
Masonry Chimney Foundation:
A proper and tolerable concrete foundation or footing is needed. Footing should be able to bear the weight of the chimney standing upon it along with the fireplace. The minimum needs of all the foundations and supports are checked according to the local code provided. It is important to note that foundation of the chimney should not provide provisions to any other neighbouring structures until and unless the footing is specially designed for this purpose.
Masonry Chimney Construction:
Certain materials employed in the chimney construction include:
- Flue liners
- Refractory mortar
- Natural stone
Main components of the chimney are flue and the accompanied chimney wall. The proposed thickness of chimney wall is a minimum of four inches composed of concrete masonry. This should surround the flue liner entirely. Whole of the length of the chimney is completely extended by flue lining on the inside. The flues are Mason directly over the fireplaces. Certain other factors involved in chimney construction are following:
- The height of chimney should be at least three ft. To get fire safety, this height should lie above the uppermost point where the roof line is penetrated into the chimney. According to another standard, this height can be 2 ft. Higher than any piece of structure or the neighbouring structures lying within the range of 10 ft. of the chimney.
- The points through which the chimney passes through the inflammable floor, roof component or ceiling are very critical. To avoid any hazard, chimney flue should have a constant size and shape within the range of 6 inches below or above that penetrating point.
- Chimneys should be placed at a total distance of 12 inches away from any inflammable material while penetrating into the wall. Penetrating chimneys should have a minimum masonry of 8 inches.
- The thickness of domestic masonry chimney has been standardised to a nominal thickness of 4 inches.
- The inner side of chimneys should be lined with a layer of some lining material. The choice of lining material solely depends on the type of chimney service and for the specific appliance which is going to be connected to the chimney.
- The distance of chimney from any inflammable material is adapted to be a minimum of 2 inches, but if the same chimney is located outdoors, a distance of 1 inches is acceptable. However, it would be dangerous to mix this concept with a thorough wall thickness of chimney. The importance of wall thimble is critically very important.
- The angle for the flue slop is optimised to be 30 degrees from vertical.
- The flues of chimneys are meant to discharge the waste gases of same fuel kinds.
After the chimney has been successfully constructed, it is installed and is handed over to chimney sweep Seattle over a period for chimney cleaning. Also, chimney repairs and masonry repairs are applied over a specific period.